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Bacterial vaginosis is an infection that occurs when the normal balance of bacteria in the vagina changes. This change is caused by an overgrowth of certain bacteria in the vagina. Bacterial vaginosis is the most common vaginal infection among females aged 15 to 44 years.
This condition increases the risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Treatment can help reduce this risk. Treatment is very important for pregnant women because this condition can cause babies to be born early (prematurely) or at a low birth weight.
This condition is caused by an increase in harmful bacteria that are normally present in small amounts in the vagina. However, the exact reason this condition develops is not known.
You cannot get bacterial vaginosis from toilet seats, bedding, swimming pools, or contact with objects around you.
This condition is treated with antibiotic medicines. These may be given as a pill, a vaginal cream, or a medicine that is put into the vagina (suppository). If the condition comes back after treatment, a second round of antibiotics may be needed.
Drugs and alcohol
This information is not intended to replace advice given to you by your health care provider. Make sure you discuss any questions you have with your health care provider.
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