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Carbohydrates, also called carbs, affect your blood glucose level more than any other type of food. Eating carbs raises the amount of glucose in your blood.
It is important to know how many carbs you can safely have in each meal. This is different for every person. Your dietitian can help you calculate how many carbs you should have at each meal and for each snack.
Reading food labels
Berries. Apples. Oranges. Peaches. Apricots. Plums. Grapes. Mangoes. Papayas. Pomegranates. Kiwi. Cherries.
Leafy greens, including lettuce, spinach, kale, chard, collard greens, mustard greens, and cabbage. Beets. Cauliflower. Broccoli. Carrots. Green beans. Tomatoes. Peppers. Onions. Cucumbers. Brussels sprouts.
Whole grains, such as whole-wheat or whole-grain bread, crackers, tortillas, cereal, and pasta. Unsweetened oatmeal. Quinoa. Brown or wild rice.
Meats and other proteins
Seafood. Poultry without skin. Lean cuts of poultry and beef. Tofu. Nuts. Seeds.
Low-fat or fat-free dairy products such as milk, yogurt, and cheese.
The items listed above may not be a complete list of foods and beverages you can eat and drink. Contact a dietitian for more information.
Fruits canned with syrup.
Canned vegetables. Frozen vegetables with butter or cream sauce.
Refined white flour and flour products such as bread, pasta, snack foods, and cereals. Avoid all processed foods.
Fatty cuts of meat. Poultry with skin. Breaded or fried meats. Processed meat. Avoid saturated fats.
Full-fat yogurt, cheese, or milk.
Sweetened drinks, such as soda or iced tea.
The items listed above may not be a complete list of foods and beverages you should avoid. Contact a dietitian for more information.
This information is not intended to replace advice given to you by your health care provider. Make sure you discuss any questions you have with your health care provider.
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