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Complications and Prognosis
Screening and Prevention
Other causes of anion gap metabolic acidosis
Most patients with DKA require admission owing to the need for prolonged clinical and laboratory assessment and correction/treatment of the precipitating event, even if fluid resuscitation and correction of acidosis have been accomplished in the emergency department r50
Discharge home from the emergency department or observation unit may be considered for adults if all of the following are present:
Admit most children with DKA
Initial treatment often occurs in the emergency department and is continued in the inpatient setting
Major components of treatment include administration of fluids, insulin, and electrolytes
Initial treatment steps:
IV fluids r2c141c142
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