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Complications and Prognosis
Screening and Prevention
Treatment options depend on histologic subtype (squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma), stage at diagnosis, and medical fitness of patient r1
Consider preoperative nutritional support via nasoduodenal or jejunostomy tube; percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy is not recommended r2
Patients may be classified into 2 groups after initial workup: r2
Unresectable or metastatic disease r2
Radiation therapy r2c153c154
Nutritional therapy r2c157
Advise smoking cessation and counseling, if indicated r2
Palliative interventions r2r38
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