For face-to-face education, don appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) based on the patient’s exposure to an airborne- or droplet-transmitted infectious illness.
Use remote or distance education options to provide quarantine information whenever possible.
Quarantine and isolation measures may be implemented for a person or persons to practice community safety measures and to prevent the widespread transmission of an infectious illness. Quarantine is the separation of a person or group of persons who may have been exposed to an infectious illness and may or may not have been infected. Isolation in the home refers to the separation of a person or group of persons who have been infected with a transmissible illness, even if no signs or symptoms develop.
Self-quarantine and self-isolation are part of the social distancing requirements issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to limit the spread of infectious illness.undefined#ref3">3 Quarantine and isolation time periods can be voluntary or enforced and usually equal the length of the incubation period for the infectious illness (e.g., coronavirus, measles, tuberculosis). The date of the exposure is considered day 0 since exposure to the infected person.3 Day 1 is the first full day after the last contact with the infected person.3
According to the CDC, if a person has been in close contact (e.g., within 1 to 1.8 m [3 to 6 ft]2 for a cumulative total of 15 minutes or more over a 24-hour period) with someone who has been diagnosed with an infectious illness, a quarantine is warranted unless the exposed person is fully vaccinated.3 If the exposed person is fully vaccinated against the infectious illness and symptoms develop, the CDC’s guidelines for quarantine should be followed. The CDC suggests getting tested for certain infectious illnesses after exposure (e.g., coronavirus disease 2019 [COVID-19]) even if fully vaccinated against the illness.3
National Institutes of Health (NIH). (2020). New coronavirus stable for hours on surfaces. Retrieved October 13, 2022, from https://www.nih.gov/news-events/news-releases/new-coronavirus-stable-hours-surfaces
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