For face-to-face education, don appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) based on the patient’s exposure to an airborne- or droplet-transmitted infectious illness. Wash hands or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer immediately after removing all PPE.
Use remote or distance education options to provide quarantine information whenever possible.
Quarantine is separation of a person or persons who are not yet symptomatic but may have been exposed to a pathogen and may be at risk for developing an infection. Self-quarantine is part of the social distancing requirement by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to limit the spread of infection.undefined#ref5">5 Quarantines can be voluntary or enforced, and usually equal the length of the incubation period for the contagious disease (e.g., coronavirus, measles, tuberculosis).
Isolation in the home refers to the separation of a person or group of persons, either known or suspected of having a communicable disease, from those who are not known or suspected to be infected.
Current guidelines for preventing and controlling the spread of airborne- and droplet-transmitted infectious illnesses include identifying those who may have been exposed and quarantining them for a period of time equivalent to the incubation period of the infection. Airborne- and droplet-transmitted pathogens include coronaviruses, tuberculosis (TB), chicken pox, and rubeola (i.e., measles).
Quarantine for pediatric patients can be challenging. They may not understand the reasons for quarantine. School-age and older patients are far more reliant on peer groups and contact with peers and do not adapt well to quarantine and isolation. Using remote communication and social media is essential for these patients.
Rebman, T. (2014, revised 2020). Infectious disease disasters: Bioterrorism, emerging infections, and pandemics. Retrieved March 30, 2020, from https://text.apic.org/toc/community-based-infection-prevention-practices/infectious-disease-disasters-bioterrorism-emerging-infections-and-pandemics
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