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You must use insulin correctly to control your diabetes. You must have some insulin in your body at all times. Insulin treatment varies depending on your type of diabetes, your treatment goals, and your medical history. Ask questions to understand your insulin treatment plan so you can be an active partner in managing your diabetes.
Usually, you will give yourself insulin injections. Other people can also be taught how to give you injections. You will use a special type of syringe that is made only for insulin. Some people may have an insulin pump that delivers insulin steadily through a tube (cannula) that is placed under the skin.
The different types of insulin are described below. Specifics vary depending on the insulin product that your health care provider prescribes.
Concentrated insulin, or U-500 insulin:
Some of these side effects can be caused by incorrect insulin doses and improper injection technique. Be sure to learn how to inject insulin properly.
Some terms that you might hear include:
Basal insulin, or basal rate
Prandial or nutrition insulin
This may also be called a correction dose or supplemental dose. This is a small amount of rapid-acting or short-acting insulin that can be used to lower your blood glucose if it is too high. You may be told to check your blood glucose at certain times of the day and use correction insulin as needed.
Tight control, or intensive therapy
This means keeping your blood glucose as close to your target as possible, and preventing your blood glucose from getting too high after meals. People who have tight control of their diabetes have fewer long-term problems caused by diabetes.
Talk with your health care provider or pharmacist about the type of insulin you should take and when you should take it. You should know when your insulin goes up the most (peaks) and when it wears off. You need this information so you can plan your meals and exercise.
Eating and drinking
This information is not intended to replace advice given to you by your health care provider. Make sure you discuss any questions you have with your health care provider.
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