Energy Conservation (Rehabilitation Therapy)
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Continually assess the patient’s current cognitive and physical status, postoperative or nonoperative precautions, and ability and willingness to cooperate in energy conservation activities.
Energy conservation is a nonpharmacologic treatment approach used to manage the impact of fatigue when completing basic activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL). Energy conservation strategies allow patients to use task simplification techniques to maintain their independence for completion of activities they like to do and activities they have to do.undefined#ref1">1,4
Studies have indicated that the use of energy conservation as a treatment approach is beneficial for individuals with chronic and progressive diseases.5 There is also research that indicates that energy conservation is a useful intervention technique for patients with acute injuries and patients who are aging and want to continue to maintain their independence at home.3
When using energy conservation as a treatment intervention, determining the patient's and the caregiver’s willingness to participate is important. The patient has to determine which tasks the patient will have to complete at home and in the community and which tasks, if any, a caregiver can help complete.5 Detailed task analyses then can be completed to determine the level of energy required to perform daily tasks.2,6 Energy conservation education and training are vital for patients to regain and maintain their previous level of function and independence. Energy conservation education and training also offer vital strategies to improve safety and reduce risk of injury.
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Rationale: Prioritizing tasks allows the patient to plan out the day by completing or eliminating important tasks first and saving or delegating the least important tasks for later.
*In these skills, a “classic” reference is a widely cited, standard work of established excellence that significantly affects current practice and may also represent the foundational research for practice.
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