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Female infertility refers to a woman's inability to get pregnant (conceive) after a year of having sex regularly (or after 6 months in women over age 35) without using birth control. Infertility can also mean that a woman is not able to carry a pregnancy to full term.
Both women and men can experience fertility problems.
Infertility can be linked to more than one cause. For some women, the cause of infertility is not known (unexplained infertility).
The main sign of infertility in women is the inability to get pregnant or carry a pregnancy to full term.
To be diagnosed with infertility, both partners will have a physical exam. Both partners will also have an extensive medical and sexual history taken. Additional tests may be done.
Assisted reproductive technology (ART)
Assisted reproductive technology (ART) refers to all treatments and procedures that combine eggs and sperm outside the body to try to help a couple conceive. ART is often combined with fertility drugs to stimulate ovulation. Sometimes ART is done using eggs retrieved from another woman's body (donor eggs) or from previously frozen fertilized eggs (embryos).
This information is not intended to replace advice given to you by your health care provider. Make sure you discuss any questions you have with your health care provider.
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