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Sterilization is surgery to prevent pregnancy. Sterilization is permanent. It should only be done if you are sure that you do not want to have children.
For females, the fallopian tubes are either blocked or closed off. When the fallopian tubes are closed, the eggs that the ovaries release cannot enter the uterus, sperm cannot reach the eggs, and pregnancy is prevented.
For males, the vas deferens is cut and then tied or burned (cauterized). The vas deferens is a tube that carries sperm from the testicles. This procedure prevents pregnancy by blocking sperm from going through the vas deferens and penis during ejaculation.
Risks from the surgery
Risks after sterilization
The steps of the procedure depend on the type of sterilization you are having. The procedure may vary among health care providers and hospitals.
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists: www.acog.org/
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: www.womenshealth.gov/
Urology Care Foundation: www.urologyhealth.org
This information is not intended to replace advice given to you by your health care provider. Make sure you discuss any questions you have with your health care provider.
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