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Type 1 diabetes (type 1 diabetes mellitus) is a long-term, or chronic, disease. It occurs when the cells in the pancreas (beta cells) that make a hormone called insulin are destroyed. Normally, insulin allows blood sugar, also called glucose, to enter cells in the body. The cells use glucose for energy. Lack of insulin causes excess glucose to build up in the blood instead of going into cells. As a result, high blood glucose, or hyperglycemia, develops.
There is currently no cure for this condition, but it can be managed with insulin therapy and lifestyle changes.
The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is not known.
These blood tests may be repeated to confirm your child's diagnosis. Your child may also need urine tests or other blood tests.
If your child develops symptoms of diabetes, he or she may first be evaluated in the emergency room. This is because your child may need a hospital stay at the start of treatment.
Your child's health care provider will set individualized treatment goals for your child based on age and any other conditions your child has.
Questions to ask your child's health care provider
These symptoms may represent a serious problem that is an emergency. Do not wait to see if the symptoms will go away. Get medical help right away. Call your local emergency services (911 in the U.S.).
This information is not intended to replace advice given to you by your health care provider. Make sure you discuss any questions you have with your health care provider.
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