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Having type 2 diabetes can put you at risk for other long-term (chronic) conditions, such as heart disease and kidney disease. Your health care provider may prescribe medicines to help prevent complications from diabetes.
Hypoglycemia, also called low blood glucose, occurs with a blood glucose level at or below 70 mg/dL (3.9 mmol/L). Diabetes medicines lower your blood glucose and can cause hypoglycemia. The risk for hypoglycemia increases during or after exercise, during sleep, during illness, and when skipping meals or not eating for a long time (fasting).
Severe hypoglycemia is when your blood glucose level is at or below 54 mg/dL (3 mmol/L).
Severe hypoglycemia is an emergency. Do not wait to see if the symptoms will go away. Get medical help right away. Call your local emergency services (911 in the U.S.). Do not drive yourself to the hospital.
If you have severe hypoglycemia and you cannot eat or drink, you may need glucagon. A family member or close friend should learn how to check your blood glucose and how to give you glucagon. Ask your health care provider if you need to have an emergency glucagon kit available.
Eating and drinking
What you eat and drink affects your blood glucose and your insulin dosage. Making good choices helps to control your diabetes and prevent other health problems. A healthy meal plan includes eating lean proteins, complex carbohydrates, fresh fruits and vegetables, low-fat dairy products, and healthy fats.
Take care of your body
This information is not intended to replace advice given to you by your health care provider. Make sure you discuss any questions you have with your health care provider.
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