Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Self-Care, Pediatric
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Having diabetes can put your child at risk for other long-term (chronic) conditions, such as thyroid disease, celiac disease, high cholesterol, heart disease, and kidney disease. Your child's health care provider may prescribe medicines to help prevent complications from diabetes.
Hypoglycemia, also called low blood glucose, occurs with a blood glucose level at or below 70 mg/dL (3.9 mmol/L). Diabetes medicines lower blood glucose levels and increase the risk for hypoglycemia. The risk for hypoglycemia increases during or after exercise, during sleep, during illness, and when skipping meals or not eating for a long time (fasting).
Severe hypoglycemia is when your child's blood glucose level is at or below 54 mg/dL (3 mmol/L).
Severe hypoglycemia is an emergency. Do not wait to see if the symptoms will go away. Get medical help right away. Call your local emergency services (911 in the U.S.).
If your child has severe hypoglycemia and cannot eat or drink, your child may need glucagon. You will be taught how to check your child's blood glucose and how to give your child glucagon. Ask your child's health care provider if your child needs to have an emergency glucagon kit available at home and at school.
Eating and drinking
What your child eats and drinks affects his or her blood glucose and insulin dosage. Encourage healthy food choices. Help your child control his or her diabetes and prevent other health problems by making good choices. A healthy meal plan includes eating lean proteins, complex carbohydrates, fresh fruits and vegetables, low-fat dairy products, and healthy fats.
Care for your child's body
This information is not intended to replace advice given to you by your health care provider. Make sure you discuss any questions you have with your health care provider.
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