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If you decide to have bariatric surgery, it is important to continue to eat a healthy diet and to exercise regularly after the surgery.
As with any surgical procedure, each type of bariatric surgery has its own risks. These risks also depend on your age, your overall health, and any other medical conditions you may have. Risks of bariatric surgery can be divided into two groups. There are short-term risks and long-term risks.
Adjustable gastric banding
In this procedure, an inflatable band is placed around your stomach near the upper end. This makes the passageway for food into the rest of your stomach much smaller. The band can be adjusted, making it tighter or looser, by filling it with salt solution. Your surgeon can adjust the band based on how you are feeling and how much weight you are losing. The band can be removed in the future. This requires another surgery.
In this procedure, your stomach is made smaller. This is done by surgically removing a large part of your stomach. When your stomach is smaller, you feel full more quickly and reduce how much you eat.
Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RGB)
This is the most common weight-loss surgery. In this procedure, a small stomach pouch (gastric pouch) is created in the upper part of your stomach. Next, this gastric pouch is attached directly to the middle part of your small intestine. The farther down your small intestine the new connection is made, the fewer calories and nutrients you will absorb. This surgery has the highest rate of complications.
Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD/DS)
This is a multi-step procedure. First, a large part of your stomach is removed, making your stomach smaller. Next, this smaller stomach is attached to the lower part of your small intestine. Like the RGB surgery, you absorb fewer calories and nutrients if your stomach is attached farther down the small intestine.
This information is not intended to replace advice given to you by your health care provider. Make sure you discuss any questions you have with your health care provider.
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